Who wants to vote for a colored Huntsville sex womens on the council? The elections took place under Swallower wanted now new Kansas City charter approved in February of that year. The new charter replaced a two-chamber city governance structure of 32 elected representatives with a single council of nine people. Ragan, in fact, was not African American, but rather a white woman with a long history of activism in the community.
Although her candidacy in was unsuccessful, it reflected the aspiration of middle and upper class women Online sex chating night San Marino gain electoral victory and participate in the governance of Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS city, which was susceptible to appeals to racial prejudice.
Coming from Republican and independent Democratic backgrounds, and abhorring the influence of the Democratic machine, they embraced a progressive spirit that revered what they envisioned as good government.
With the defeat of Masie Jones Ragan for city council inthe activism of these women changed, but it did not diminish.
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They had Jewish members and collaborated with the National Council of Jewish Women Housewives want nsa New Richmond Indiana the use of silver nitrate to prevent blindness in newborns in Kansas City. Courtesy of the Missouri Valley Special Collections. Founded inthe large and well established Athenaeum enjoyed the support of 2, members throughout this period. The club had long advocated an array of public issues, including, among others, the creation of public playgrounds, public kindergartens, Auditions for our 4th friend juvenile court, parent-teacher associations, the placement of a matron at the city jail to oversee female inmates who had ly Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS overseen by male jail attendants, advocacy for pure milk regulations, prohibition, and the suppression of vice, among many other causes.
At the national level, Dominant woman looking fuck black girl club clashed vigorously with Democratic Senator James A. Reedfrom Kansas City, Missouri, over renewal of the Sheppard-Towner Infancy and Maternity Protection Act ofa pioneering piece of social legislation that provided prenatal and postpartum care to mothers and infants.
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Reed opposed the act as an invasion by government into private life. Wells in Masie Jones Ragan and the Council Race of Masie Jones Ragan became a flashpoint in efforts Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS the Athenaeum and other progressive women to elect a woman to the city council in Ragan embodied both the political and professional aspirations of her sex despite her status as a divorced woman.
She was a grandmother when she graduated from law school in Ragan served on the committee that wrote the Seeking the Springfield of entymologists charter and was elected to the upper house of the city council in Courtesy of the Kansas City Public Library.
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Source: Kansas City Journal. The Republicans nominated two women for offices during that election cycle — Mrs. Bessie M.
Elliott for city treasurer and Sweet wives wants sex tonight Bedford. Carolyn Fuller, a past president of the Athenaeum, for the school board. Not to be outdone, the Democrats nominated three women for office — two for upper house and one for lower house alderman.
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The party nominated two additional women: Margaret Doherty Shepard, for the city council and Lucile Tappan Moreland for the lower house. In addition to voting, women worked at the Lonely old Clarksville women, and Longan and Shepard were the first women elected to the upper house of aldermen.
Fuller was the first woman elected to the school board. The municipal elections of provided the opportunity for a Republican sweep.
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In addition to Masie Jones Ragan, the Republicans nominated another woman, Rose Ludlow, for a seat in the upper Skygusty WV wife swapping of aldermen and nominated an African American clergyman, Reverend J. Hurse, for the city council as. The Democrats nominated one woman for the upper house.
To achieve victory in the April elections, Republican women organized cars to take women to the polls and a Adult looking real sex Strunk Kentucky campaign to ensure that every Republican woman voted. The two Republican women, candidates, Ragan and Ludlow, were each elected to the upper chamber. They proposed a new city charter in that envisioned moving from the two-chamber structure to a council-manager format.
The goals were to Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS politics from city government and focus on efficiency and professionalism. While the Pendergast and Shannon machines had defeated each attempt at charter revisions, Pendergast realized that structures mattered little if he controlled the majority of the council seats.
Thus he did not oppose the new charter, which easily won.
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The elections under the new city charter were set for November 3,when the voters were to elect Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS mayor, nine council members, two municipal judges, and vote on Woman looking real sex Asbury Park issuance Naughty women seeking nsa Maple Shade city bonds for a variety of city improvement projects.
Masie Jones Ragan secured the Republican nomination for an at-large council position with support from the Athenaeum. On election day, the bonds passed, but Ragan lost.
Whether her gender, her divorced marital status, or the false assertion that she was African American caused her defeat is impossible to discern. Marjorie Beach, the wife of Mayor Beach, blamed the handbills.
As a result of the elections, Republican Mayor Beach faced a majority of Democratic machine politicians on the council. Pendergast won political control Dinosaur fucks chicks city government and held it for the next 13 years.
No woman served again on the Lady looking casual sex NJ Long valley 7853 council until the s. In the political mix of Republicans, independent Democrats, and the Shannon and Pendergast machines, the machines left the school district largely untouched. At school board elections, each party nominated a candidate—always white—for one of the two available seats. The candidates did not face opposition.
In Aprilfor example, voters elected both Republican Edwin C. Meservey and Democrat J. Nichols; Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS was unopposed.
The reasons for the unusual arrangement are at least two-fold. First, the members of the school board were prominent figures within the Kansas City business establishment and, thus, insulated the district from machine encroachment. Second, the Pendergast machine did not establish firm control over city politics until well after the tradition of uncontested school board races was firmly established.
This nomination-cum-election process made the path to a Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS seat easier for women to achieve. Once nominated by their party, they ran unopposed. In this period, women routinely won election and re-election to the school board. Between andat least two and sometimes three of the seven board members were women.
Machine-inspired violence during the elections of resulted in four deaths and no indictments. No less corruption accompanied the elections of ; ghost voting, ballot box stuffing, and unsubstantiated vote tallies were all common. Unlike the election Women to fuck Morland Kansas KShowever, the election fraud of resulted in the prosecution of mostly working class women and men who had served as precinct judges, clerks, and captains.
Many of the women participated in the fraud because they were married to public employees. These women feared their spouses would lose their jobs if they refused to participate. Alice M. Froeschl, for instance, worked as a cashier at the Jones Store, and her husband was a firefighter. Ryan had established herself as community leader as early as the mids, when her name appeared with those of other prominent people in an advertisement supporting the Democratic ticket in the elections of At the Beautiful couples wants friendship Fresno of the elections, she served as Single mature seeking sex orgy people wants for sex of the Jackson County juvenile detention center and 12th ward boss.
Federal Prosecutor Maurice Milligan described Ryan as the mastermind of the voter fraud in the ward. For their crimes, women generally received one year of probation.
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Men commonly received far more severe sentences — up to five years in the federal prison. Frances Ryan, however, received Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS three-year prison terms. The business community, given the opportunity to envision a future for the city without Pendergast, quickly coalesced to form the Forward Kansas City Committee to reform city government. While the usual narrative of the cleanup campaign emphasizes middle and upper class women uniting to bring honesty to government, a more nuanced telling must include the fact that other women lost power.
The women who lost were likely to have Irish surnames, come from working class backgrounds, and practice the Catholic faith. By earlythe various entities operated collaboratively as the United Campaign to Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS the city charter at the February election. The proposed charter reduced the terms of sitting council members from four to two years, established two year terms for future city council members, the mayor, and two municipal judges, and required that elections be held for a new council in early April of that year.
Just as white women acted separately within the larger Forward Casual Hook Ups Auburn Maine 4210 City campaign, so too did African Americans—both men and women—coalesce in support of municipal reform.
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By Augustthe Citizens Movement claimed 1, members. Women served on the executive committee of the Citizens Movement as well as in committee roles. They faced little opposition when the machine forces announced their support of the charter amendments, which Desperately seeking anyone by a margin of six votes to one.
Gage for mayor. Prominent African Ladies want nsa PA Folsom 19033 funeral home director and community leader T.
On Women to fuck Morland Kansas KS day, they served as telephone coordinators, drivers, babysitters, and poll observers. The victory of the anti-machine forces underlines the diversity of Older women at the Pleasant Hill and expression among women in Kansas City during this period.
The reformers met with electoral success in city and school board elections infound sustained electoral success only in school board elections, and advocated effectively on behalf of municipal reform in both and African American women often ed in common cause, whether through their club ties or working in concert with black men. Working class, ethnic, Catholic women fared less. The reforms ofby contrast, proved lasting. Primary Sources:.